Prekese or tetrapleura tetraplera is a species of the pea family and is native to tropical West Africa. The fruits of the plant have a strong aromatic smell with anti-insect properties. This medicinal plant belongs to Nigeria and African countries. Several diseases can be treated with the use of prekese like inflammation, leprosy, rheumatoid arthritis, seizures, etc.

Advantages of Prekese
Source: yen.com.gh

The plant also contains antioxidants, anti-inflammatory properties, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. Its bark, fruits and leaves are also full of medicinal agents.

Nutritional values ​​of Prekese:

Aridan is very nutritious because it is full of phytochemicals and nutrients essential to our body. It is also rich in iron, potassium, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, flavonoids, tannins, steroids and phenolic compounds.


Prekese also contains approximately 234.42 to 379.48 g / cal of dietary energy, 7.44% to 17.50% crude protein and 4.98% to 20.36% crude fat.

Other local names of Prekese:

Prekese is originally from West Africa. Therefore, the tribes and various countries of Africa have different names for the plant. For example, Nigerians in Igbo call it oshosho or osakirisa, while Nigerians in Yoruba call it aidan and ubukirihu.

In Twi, Ghana’s prekese is called prɛkɛsɛ.

The English name for the plant is Aidan fruit.

18 Prekese Health Benefits Worth Knowing About:

Now let’s take a look at the immense health benefits of prekesis:


1. Control diabetes:

According to a study in rats, Tetrapleura tetraptera is beneficial for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prekese fruit extract is said to lower glucose levels during fasting and non-fasting hours.

2. Acts as a mosquito repellant:

The plant has a strong scent and therefore acts as a mosquito repellant. The properties present in the prekese are attributed to the essential oils present.

3. Postpartum care:

The plant pod is used as a soup additive and is best served to postpartum mothers to prevent contractions. The pods are said to contain calcium, iron and potassium. These three things are said to be important for postpartum women. It is said that prekese soup produces milk by nourishing mothers and restores lost blood.

4. Fever:

Prekese is an excellent remedy when suffering from a cold. The best way to use the plant is to soak it in lukewarm water. Bathe in the infused water. It is said to provide great relief from fever and body temperature. You can also try this remedy when you are suffering from enema, constipation and emetic.

5. Wound healing properties:

The wet extract of the plant contains healing agents. According to a study done at Uyo University, the low concentration (200 mg / ml) is more effective than the higher concentration (200 mg / ml). It is therefore recommended to use the lowest concentration of the plant to treat wounds.

6. Has antibacterial properties:

The plant contains antibacterial and microbial agents. Due to these properties, the plant extract is used to make soap. Soap can be used to cure skin diseases, inflammation, and bacterial infections.
Apart from that, prekese can also add suds, perfume and harden soap.

7. Contraceptive properties:

The stem and bark of the prekese plant contain saponin and ethanol extract. These properties release a luteinizing hormone that is said to be used as a contraceptive.

8. Treat leprosy:

According to a study, the aridan plant is also used in the treatment of leprosy. The disease greatly affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves, resulting in skin bumps and blemishes. The most severe cases of leprosy can also lead to mutilation and abnormalities.

9. Seizure management:

The stem, fruits and leaves of the prekese are used to create herbal concoctions in traditional medicine. This can help manage seizures. Studies reveal that the aqueous plant extract leads to anticonvulsant activities and affects the central nervous system.

10. Anti-inflammatory properties:

Plant extracts have anti-inflammatory agents and create an impact on several human pathogens. This can lead to a decrease in body inflammation, arthritis, and rheumatoid pain.

Uses of Prekese
Source: ghafla.com

11. Culinary purposes:

The dried Taub plant has an aromatic scent and is often used as a spice to add flavor to several dishes like white soup, meat and pepper soup, stone soup, and pepper and fish soup. This spice can be crushed or broken into small portions while cooking.

12. Treats the cardiovascular system:

Prekese is beneficial for the cardiovascular system due to its addition of essential phytochemicals. It can also be used to treat heart disease.

13. Contains molluscicidal properties:

According to studies, aqueous extracts from the leaves, stem, stem, roots and bark of the plant contain molluscicidal agents. This reveals why it is used as a pesticide to treat pests. Prekese is mainly used for gardening and planting flowers to get rid of harmful gastropods like slugs and snails.

14. Dermatological care:

The prekese fruits can be dried in direct sunlight and mixed into a fine powder. This extract is then used as an ingredient in soaps. It serves as a skin care product due to the presence of antibacterial and antimicrobial agents. The dried powdered extract can be used with other ingredients like palm kernel oil and shea butter for external use. You can research these ingredients while researching for soaps.

15. Hypertension:

The stem and bark of the plant can be used for the treatment of hypertension. Studies reveal that the herb is useful in curing high blood pressure and checking oxidation levels in patients with hypertension.


16. Supports the immune system:

The plant is a rich source of vitamins, iron, calcium, potassium, zinc and magnesium. It helps to strengthen the immune system.

The presence of iron in the plant helps in the regeneration of lost blood, zinc provides protection against the virus that leads to respiratory tract infections, while potassium and calcium help to manage, prevent and control muscle disorders and strengthening of bones.

17. Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases:

The plant can be used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain due to its presence of phytochemicals.

18. Has antibacterial properties:

Studies suggest that water extracts and the presence of alcohol from the plant can lead to Staphylococcus aureus. The presence of tannins and glycosides in prekese can also help prevent bacterial growth.

Tetrapleura tetraptera
Source: tropical.theferns.info

How to prepare Aridan or Prekese:

Prekese pods can be crushed and broken into small pieces to add them as a food flavor. In addition, the plant can be added to food during cooking and hollowed out before serving. It is essential to add this spice to food so that it infuses well and provides an aromatic scent.

In medicinal plants, the stem, root, leaves, bark and pods of aridan can be mixed, boiled, pressed, soaked, crushed, extracted and made into concoctions.

Now that we have covered the prekese health benefits and discussed the quality of this super food for everyone. We would like to know your opinion? Could you add it to your diet? Or is it part of your daily diet?
Talk to us in the comments box below. Or you can share this article with your loved ones to let them know about the amazing wonders of prekesis as well.


This post is for reference purposes only and should not be treated as treatment or professional diagnosis. Always consult a doctor before making any health related decisions. They will guide and provide the right treatment.


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